Drug addiction is not just a disease in the medical and biological sense, it is also a way of life, or rather, existence; this is a road leading to nowhere; this is the destruction of the intellect, soul, body…
Since the mid-80s, the world has been faced with a problem of unprecedented scale and consequences, which is far from not only being solved, but also from being adequately comprehended. This refers to the rapid spread of drug addiction and the involvement of adolescents and young adults in the sphere of drug consumption. Our society is currently experiencing a general crisis. The processes that caused the crisis continue to be aggravated by the media.
The incidence of drug addiction among teenagers is constantly increasing. The number of young people using psychoactive substances continues to increase continuously. But at the same time, today it is hardly possible to find a teenager who would not know about the deadly danger of drugs. Obviously, this knowledge in most cases does not stop anyone.
Prevention of drug addiction
The goal of prevention is to help a person develop a strong social personality and avoid risk factors.
Types of prevention:
The following stages of prevention are distinguished:
- primary prevention – preventing the development of risky behavior;
- secondary prevention – reducing their effect;
- Tertiary prevention – this type of prevention works at the stage of the disease, trying to relieve pain and help rehabilitation.
Let’s focus on primary prevention. Primary prevention is understood as a system of measures aimed at developing the psychological characteristics of the individual, ensuring the overall resistance of the individual to drug contamination. Level 1 drug addiction prevention is the work of the teacher and class teacher, the care of parents and relatives, the attention of a school psychologist and doctor. This is everyday work that requires certain knowledge of the problem.
Some children and adolescents, even when exposed to many risk factors, do not use drugs. Research shows that a number of protective factors appear to be keeping them from doing so.
- Sense of humor
- internal self-control, determination
- The importance of relationships
- Attachment and respect for the laws and norms of society, school, group, family standards that exclude drug use
- Devotion and intimacy
- Having hobbies
- Interest in religion
In connection with the above, studying the problem of the influence of unfavorable factors in the formation of addictive behavior in adolescents is of great importance. Considering that all aspects of biological, social, psychological factors and their interrelation in the formation of drug addiction are still not completely clear, the cause-and-effect relationship in understanding this problem is no less important.
Today, there are many reasons why teenagers begin to try various drugs that can cause drug intoxication. The inability to correctly assess the possible consequences of one’s actions and statements, carelessness, frivolity, suggestibility, immaturity of the psyche, and a high susceptibility to imitation are excellent grounds for the first trials of drugs and toxic substances.
In general, the reasons can be divided into two large groups.
The first group consists of specific behavioral features characteristic of this particular age, when adolescents often cannot resist negative influences from the outside. School age is characterized by specific behavioral characteristics and sometimes inadequate responses to various external influences. Most often, behavioral disorders occur in adolescents with psychopathy and character accentuation, which is later confirmed during a medical examination.
The second group of reasons why teenagers begin to try various drugs are personality disorders and mental illnesses of the teenager himself, which have become increasingly common in recent years. The first manifestations of mental illness are observed precisely at this age, when the body undergoes rapid hormonal and mental restructuring.
There are no easy ways in the fight against drugs. The drug epidemic dictates the direction of searching for effective measures to combat it. It is necessary to change the consciousness of society and help it understand only the joint efforts of all parents, teachers, doctors, and politicians. – will lead us to success. It makes sense to fight not so much against drug addiction, but rather to fight against the situation that causes drug addiction, and other types of behavior that lead to a departure from reality. This means that adolescent IOP efforts must be aimed at creating the necessary social and humanitarian environment; to form a system of priorities that exclude drug addiction.